Research
Andrew Jackson

Andrew_Jackson.jpg
external image Andrew_Jackson.jpg

·
Political Party
Democrat
· Years in office
8 years (1828-1832 & 1832-1836), 7th President
· Brief historical background
It was the year 1767, March 15th to be exact, when a baby of promising fate was born. Yes in fact it was Andrew Jackson. Born on a Waxhaw settlement on the border of South and North Carolina, Jackson's mother was abandoned by her husband who sought new political and economic status in the new world. Two years after his departure Jackson's father died. Andrew was named after her late husband and was at birth plagued with misfortune and misadventrue. As Jackson developed as a youth during the year of the Revolutionary War, he lost both of his brothers and his mother. With some formal education, Jackson would leave the Waxhaw settlement in the 1780's to study law in North Carolina. After studying he would move to Tennessee in order to find work.
o Path to president
Jackson first got his political foot in the door when he took the public prosecutor for the Mero District. Soon after he became the delegate to Tennessee in the Constitutional Convention, and later became a member of the House and Senate and as well as a judge to the Tennessee Superior Court. By 1800 Jackson had become the leader of the Western branch of the Blount-Overton faction. As Jackson progressed in the political world he also saw opportunities in the military. He first became a judge advocate for the Davidson County militia. A decade after his appointment as judge advocate he was elected to become the major general of the Tennessee militia. Jackson then was able to establish himself as a wealthy plantation owner in Hunter's Hill in 1804. This helped Jackson to become part of the upper elite class in society. Jackson also made major contributions in the War of 1812 and later would be known for accusing JQA of a "corrupt bargain" with Henry Clay. Claiming JQA as "the Judas of the West" his popularity rose and by the time the election of 1828 rolled around, he would finally be named President for two glorious terms.
o Highlights/Lowlights of career
Highlights:

  • Dealing with the Bank of the United States
  • French/US Treaty
  • Indian removal
Lowlights
  • Eaton affair (and all it entailed)
  • Texas situation
· Two domestic policy issues
One of Jackson's largest domestic issues was the Bank of the United States. It was run and started by President Nicholas Biddle, and was a profit-making organization. The bank constantly interferred with many local and national elections, which made Jackson oppose its power. He argued that it denied free government allowing a "corporation" so to say interfere with political issues. Many believe that Jackson just sought to destroy the bank, when in fact his intentions were more geared toward hindering its power and influence as well as changing some of the bank's objectives (althogh the utter implosion of the bank probably would have been pretty sweet to witness). The second issue shows the true greatness and power of Jackson. When John C. Calhoun began to revolt against tariffs, nullification became a major concern for Jackson. South Carolinians led by Calhoun himself despised the tariffs calling them unconstitutional. Jackson on the other hand sought to meet mid way on the issue, claiming the tariffs provided necessary fund for defense and securtiy as well as reducing the national debt. When Jackson addressed the South Carolina and John C. Calhoun issue he used words like "abominable doctrine" and "perpetual" to describe the actions and intentions of the firey southerners. Jackson would preserve the Union, and he would be damned if a bunch of southern egotists were about to ruin that on his watch.
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Two foreign policy issues
One of Jackson's notable foreign affairs involved the trustworthy French. Before Jackson was sworn into office, relations and economic strains with the French were balancing on a thin line. Jackson had full intentions of correcting this situation and making the wrongs into rights once again. In July 1831 Jackson proposed a treaty to the French paying the French and reducing duties on French wines as the French paid the Americans for their claims. Soon after the the treaty was signed and ratified the French economy went down the drain. The King blamed the wrongs on the Chamber of Duties, but in late October Jackson lost faith in the King as well. Writing a letter to Congress with harsh wording against the French government and the treaty they had made, Jackson aimed to indirectly take a stab at the French and their wrong doings. When asked to apologize for his words by the French, Jackson refused and claimed that no power in the world could limit the words of the President. One thing in Jackson's Presidency that did not go so smooth was the acquiring of Texas. He had tried numerous times to gain the territory believing it essential to keeping the southwest region of the United States. He proposed numerous strategies to Congress and even attempted to but the territory for $5 million. But in the end Jackson's term ended and left the problem of Texas to Van Buren.
Presidential Report Card
(Be sure to include a letter grade and at least two comments)

·
Character:
A

  • Andrew is not a very submissive leader
  • Andrew's character is embedded in his grass southern roots
· Morals:
B+
  • Andrew may be a strong leader, sometimes when dealing with his cabinet and their wives he could get a little testy
  • Andrew's indirect bullying could get a little out of control (although it was pretty awesome)
Economics:
A-

  • Jackson's technique of handling the Bank of the United States was next to flawless

· Effectiveness:
A
  • Although his techniques could be considered somewhat bully-ish and mildly Machievellian, Jackson DID WORK! (bank, France, Great Britian, Eaton Affair)

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Political Skill:
A
  • Jackson may not have been the most tactful president in history, but his hard working, and stubborn nature helped him to accomplish great things in office. Through strong leadership and some stubborn attitude he was able to lead with pride and power.

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Vision:
B+

  • Jackson's vision of Indian removal may not have been the most humane, but the VISION that the east needed to expand was on target and if moving a group of peoples was necessary then so be it.
  • Although his vision of the United States seemed to be tough and hard working, it is what America needed and still needs today in order to be a prosperous and successful nation

· Leadership:
A-

  • Jackson's clever techniques of swaying Congress were all but ordinary
  • He was able to convince, unite, and strengthen a Union. He was able to strengthen a Union that at the time was beginning to be questioned by John Calhoun and the rebellious southerners
OVERALL:
A
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